13 Industries for PCB Students to Explore (With Job Titles)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 8 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

The physics, chemistry and biology (PCB) field can be lucrative with career opportunities that offer professional and personal fulfilment. Securing the job of your dreams may necessitate effort and time investment to navigate through the many promising careers and industries in the field. Understanding the various specialisations and the careers you may pursue under it can help you determine which one is the most suitable for you. In this article, we go over the various industries and careers for PCB students and outline the different job titles you may pursue.

Related: 20 Careers of the Future (With Salaries)

13 specialisations with careers for PCB students

Choosing your specialisation is an important step in steering your future. As a PCB student, you may consider specialising in the following disciplines:

1. Botany

Botany is a well-established area of biology that studies plants, their structure, processes and growths. Botanists undertake research and observation to find new species, investigate plant interactions with creatures in their environment and plant genetic development. The study of botany also encompasses plant categorisation and the study of plant interactions and diseases.

After pursuing botany, you may work in natural resources centres, landscape companies and environmental consultancy agencies. Listed below are some common occupations you may consider:

  • Botanist

  • Researcher

  • Environmental consultant

  • Professor

2. Zoology

Zoology is the study of the animal kingdom. This field of biology focuses on the anatomy and physiology of animals, both living and extinct. In zoology, you may study embryology, evolution, genetics, categorisation, habits, behaviour, life processes, physiology, distribution and interactions of diverse species by studying them in their natural environments and in laboratory settings.

The study of zoology comes with exciting career opportunities, such as:

  • Zoologist

  • Researcher

  • Zoo curator

  • Biologist

  • Professor

  • Conservationist

Related: What Does a Zookeeper Do? (With Role, Skills and Salary)

3. Microbiology

Microbiology is the study of microscopic creatures such as bacteria, fungus, viruses, archaea, protozoa and other microorganisms in their interactions with people, plants, animals and other species in the environment. Microbiologists study and explore how microbes impact human life. The field also involves the fundamental study of the cell biology, physiology, biochemistry, evolution, ecology and clinical aspects of microbes and the host response to these agents. Microbiology has several subfields such as parasitology, bacteriology, virology and mycology.

After studying microbiology, you can work in the food industry, the healthcare industry, agriculture and pharmaceuticals. Listed below are some common employment opportunities you may consider pursuing:

  • Research scientist

  • Researcher

  • Lab technician

  • Microbiologist

Related: How to Become a Microbiologist (Steps and Qualifications)

4. Biochemistry

Biochemistry is a field of science that investigates chemical processes and substances that occur within living beings. This laboratory-based science combines chemistry and biology. Biochemists can comprehend and address biological issues by applying chemical knowledge and procedures. Examples of study scope include enhancing photosynthesis to increase crop output and discovering and developing novel chemical processes to create biofuel.

Listed below are some typical job opportunities for those who study biochemistry:

  • Teacher

  • Biochemist

  • Biomedical scientist

  • Clinical technologist

  • Toxicologist

  • Healthcare scientist

  • Pharmaceutical consultant

  • Lab technician

  • Forensic scientist

5. Environmental science

Environmental science is a vital area in today's world. It's an interdisciplinary academic field that applies biological, informational and physical sciences to the study of the environment and solutions to environmental problems. Environmental science entails the investigation of the chemical, physical and biological components of the environment and their interconnections. Environmental scientists research environmental concerns such as water pollution, ozone depletion, global warming, waste management and how to address such issues.

After studying environmental science, you can consider working in forestry, mining, agriculture or in the public sector aiding the government in addressing environmental problems. Listed below are some common opportunities you may consider:

  • Environmental scientist

  • Conservationist

  • Environment advocate

  • Researcher

6. Genetics

Genetics is a key pillar of biology, and it intersects with many other fields, such as medicine, agriculture and biotechnology. This fascinating area investigates genes and their functions, the heredity of living creatures and genetic variations. Professionals in this discipline research genetic mutations, characteristics, abnormalities, disorders and how genes interact with their environment. Geneticists can use their knowledge in a variety of fields, from treating patients with genetic abnormalities to producing pharmaceutical goods.

Those studying genetics can consider career opportunities as a:

  • Immunologist

  • Geneticist

  • Pharmacologist

  • Research scientist

  • Researcher

  • Medical technologist

  • DNA analyst

Read more: What Does a Pharmacologist Do? Role and Necessary Skills

7. Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics involves the use of analytical and computational tools to gather and analyse biological data. Bioinformatics is a multidisciplinary area that incorporates physics, mathematics, computer science, information technology and biology. Professionals in this discipline play a major role in the development and use of tools and procedures for analysing biological data. A bioinformatics specialist, for instance, may create software for obtaining and analysing data from biological and pharmacological research.

After studying bioinformatics, you can work in biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, healthcare agencies and research institutions. Listed below are some common occupations you may consider:

  • Clinical researcher

  • Medical coder

  • Bio analyst

  • Bioinformatics analyst

  • Bioinformatics developer

8. Physiology

Physiology entails the study of living creatures' bodily processes, activities and systems, particularly humans. Physiologists usually examine biological substances, anatomy, organs, cells and muscles and how they interact and collaborate to keep the body running. It explains the chemistry and physics underpinning basic bodily processes, such as how organ systems operate together and how molecules interact in cells. It enables us to comprehend what occurs in a healthy body in normal life and what goes wrong when someone becomes ill. Aside from researching human physiology, other aspects of the discipline include cellular physiology, plant physiology and microbial physiology.

Those studying physiology can consider the following professional opportunities:

  • Biomedical scientist

  • Researcher

  • Professor

  • Clinical physiologist

  • Sports physiologist

Related: What Does a Physiologist Do? Duties, Types and Skills

9. Marine biology

Marine biology is a branch of science that studies marine creatures, including their behaviour, activity and relationships with their ecosystems and the environment. Marine biology is a research and learning discipline in which marine scientists investigate the interactions of marine animals and plants with coastal environments and the climate.

Career opportunities in this field include:

  • Fishery biologist

  • Researcher

  • Environmental consultant

  • Aquaculturist

Related: What Is a Biologist and How to Become One (With Steps)

10. Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a branch of science that blends technology and biology and uses biological systems, live creatures or portions of them to produce or generate various products. Biotechnology specialists work on a variety of projects to enhance our lives, such as producing cleaner and safer fuels, increasing food supply, increasing agricultural yields and finding medications to treat severe diseases.

After studying biotechnology, you may work with various private and public agencies in the industries of animal husbandry, clinical research, agriculture, cosmetics, genetics, nutrition, healthcare, environmental conservation, waste management and marine biotechnology. You may also consider the following occupations:

  • Lab technician

  • Biotechnologist

  • Researcher

  • Biochemist

  • Environmental engineer

  • Biophysicist

11. Biophysics

Biophysics is an interdisciplinary science that applies approaches and methods that physicists traditionally use to study biological phenomena. Biophysicists use physics tools and procedures to investigate organisms at the cellular and molecular levels. It's a rapidly evolving area incorporating cutting-edge technology, physical measurements and computer models.

Professional opportunities in this industry include:

  • Nuclear medical biophysicist

  • Clinical biophysicist

  • Researcher

  • Forensic biophysicist

  • Research scientist

  • Nutritional biophysicist

  • Professor

12. Biomedical science

Biomedical science is an applied science that combines components of several disciplines to produce treatments, technologies and knowledge in healthcare. It employs elements of natural science, formal science or both to create information, therapies or technology for use in healthcare or public health.

Biomedical experts investigate how organs, cells and systems function in the human body and their findings play a major role in better understanding and curing illnesses. Typical professional opportunities in this industry encompass the following occupations:

  • Clinical researcher

  • Biomedical scientist

  • Toxicologist

  • Immunologist

13. Food and agriculture science

Food and agriculture science is a multi-disciplinary field entailing biochemistry, chemistry, microbiology, engineering and nutrition. This is a broad subject that includes several fields linked to the knowledge of chemical and biological processes that impact dairy, plants and food production. This field encompasses food science and technology, horticulture, agronomy, agricultural engineering and dairy technology.

The career routes and opportunities for each of these occupations are quite diverse. Depending on your specialisation, you may pursue any of the following professional opportunities:

  • Agriculture manager

  • Research and development assistant

  • Product development scientist

  • Agricultural consultant

  • Food technologist

  • Soil scientist


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