Colleague vs. Coworker (Plus Definitions And Examples)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published 27 September 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Knowing who your coworkers and colleagues are can help you be more productive at work by improving your workplace relationships. Regardless of your specific field of work, knowing the difference between colleagues and coworkers may directly influence your professional interactions and teamwork. Learning who your coworkers and colleagues are is an essential professional move. In this article, we look at the definition and difference between colleague vs coworker, how they vary in different fields and answer some of the most commonly asked questions regarding the terms.

What is the definition of a colleague and coworker?

A colleague is someone you work with who has the same professional goals as you, even though both of you hold different jobs, abilities and hierarchical positions. As a result, the term can refer to anyone in a group of individuals with whom you can collaborate. When referring to professionals in the same profession with similar abilities, status and job tasks, the term colleague might have a different connotation regardless of the company they work for. Colleagues might be persons from opposite ends of the world who work in similar fields.

Coworkers are essentially persons who work for the same organisation. They may have various levels, job specialities and tasks within a firm or project, but they're colleagues because they all share an identical aim, which is the success of the organisation for which they work. Coworkers include, for instance, a department manager, a sales representative, a social media specialist, an assistant manager and a janitor who all work for the same firm.

Related: How To Create a Thank-You Message for Colleagues

Differences between a colleague vs coworker

While both of the terms share a lot of similarities, a colleague isn't the same as a coworker. The most essential distinction to make between a coworker and a colleague is that a colleague doesn't necessarily work for the same business or on the same project as you do, but a coworker does. So, while both terms might refer to the same thing, people you work with, the word colleague has an additional meaning since it can also refer to someone who is in the same profession as you but works for a different company.

Another distinction is the inferred rank difference between colleagues and coworkers. Colleagues typically have jobs and ranks that are comparable or complementary, regardless of whom they work with. Coworkers, even though they work for the same organisation, might have vastly different functions and positions. Coworkers may have professional power over you or a lower-level job than you, but colleagues are often neither superior nor inferior in status within an organisation.

Related: How To Write a Farewell Email to Colleagues

Examples of colleagues and coworkers in professional contexts

Discussed below are some examples that demonstrate the distinctions between colleagues vs coworkers based on the specific position and domain in which you work:


A colleague can be someone who works at the same educational institution as you. If you work in a secondary school, your coworkers include the other instructors and the principal, the school nurse and the maintenance staff. Your colleagues are all secondary school teachers from all over the world. This means that the teachers at your secondary school are both coworkers and colleagues, whereas all non-teaching employees at your high school are coworkers, and all secondary school instructors at other institutions are colleagues.

Health care

Unlike instructors, who often educate pupils on their own, medical physicians typically rely on other staff, such as nurses, to carry out their tasks. As a result, a doctor can refer to a nurse as well as other doctors who work with them as a colleague. These people are also coworkers, as are all other hospital personnel, including pharmacists and other physicians of other specialities who care for other patients. A doctor's colleagues are other physicians who work for different institutions but have comparable specialities.

Related: How To Become A Pharmacist in 3 Steps


A colleague in journalism can be anybody who works on the same developing story as you, such as another journalist, an editor or the camera crew. When referring to a fellow journalist who is working on a separate story for a different news organisation, you also use the term colleague. Your coworkers include all other employees of the media firm for which you work, such as human resources personnel, sales department personnel and maintenance personnel.


If you work in a sales-related role, your colleagues are all other employees who assist you in reaching your sales targets. They're usually other salesmen who have the same goals or support personnel who help you with administrative tasks. Colleagues also include sales associates who work for separate organisations. Your coworkers encompass all other employees inside the business who contribute to sales in some way. They might be marketers, customer service representatives or product developers.

Related: What Is A Sales Promoter and How To Become One?


If you work as a lawyer in a law firm, your colleague is someone who works on the same cases as you. They assist you with your research, and you exchange and discuss ideas so that you can create the most powerful argument for your client. Your coworker could include the IT team who assists you in resolving connection difficulties or the accounting team who helps you settle your bills and invoices. Your colleagues are essentially the people you see every day at work, but your duties aren't particularly close to them.

Software development

If you work as a back-end developer for an online application, your coworkers may be other back-end developers. Your coworkers could also be front-end developers who collaborate with you and have the same objective as you, which is to create a user-friendly and functioning application. Your coworkers are individuals who work for the same firm but don't directly collaborate with you, such as marketing staff, content writers and human resources personnel. Your colleagues are other back-end developers who work for the same firm or other companies and share your skill set.

Restaurant business

If you work as a chef, all the kitchen workers that assist you in preparing meals for your visitors are essentially your colleagues. Dish cleaners, delivery unloading staff and sous chefs are other examples of your colleagues. You may also refer to every other chef across the world as a colleague because you share job duties and status. Your coworkers include everyone on the restaurant's personnel, including waiters, bartenders, hall managers, bus drivers, maintenance workers and everyone else.


In your role as a designer, your coworkers are other designers and professionals working on the same project. For instance, if you're designing a corporate logo, the advertising staff who assist you with design ideas are your colleagues. Your colleagues are fellow designers who work in comparable jobs for different firms. Your coworkers include all other individuals who work for the same organisation as you but with whom you don't directly cooperate with.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs) about colleagues vs coworkers

Outlined below are the answers to some commonly asked questions about the distinction between these two terms:

Is an employee a coworker?

An employee is essentially an individual who performs work for an organisation or corporation. A coworker is usually someone in a comparable position or at a similar level within an organisation. The distinction between an employee and a coworker is that an employee is someone who works for a specific organisation, whereas coworkers are two or more people who function together collaboratively toward a shared objective.

Is a colleague the same as a peer?

Although often used interchangeably, both of the terms serve a different meaning. A colleague may be virtually anyone in the workplace, whether they're in your role or a different one. A peer is someone of equivalent status to you in terms of work responsibilities or compensation.

Is your manager your colleague?

Colleagues are often persons of the same level or position as you. Typically, you wouldn't consider your manager to be your colleague. However, you may view your manager as your coworker since both of you work toward achieving the same organisational goals.

Can a colleague work for a different company?

A colleague is referring to an individual with whom one works in a profession or company. You may call your coworker a colleague, but a colleague can also be someone who works in the same field as you or someone with whom you've done business. A colleague can be someone in the same profession as you in a completely different firm with a comparable function to yours. A colleague might be someone from another firm with whom you worked on a partnership or cooperation.

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