Examples of Cyber Security Roles (With Salaries and Skills)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Updated 3 September 2022

Published 22 November 2021

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

Organisations frequently rely on cyber security specialists to safeguard their technological resources and enhance their processes. Depending on your interests and talents, you can pursue various cyber security careers in a variety of sectors. Learning more about security and what it takes might help you determine if this is a suitable career path for you. In this article, we provide examples of cyber security roles along with the average salaries and primary duties and outline the essential skills you may cultivate to excel in the cyber security industry.

Related: 21 Best Technology Jobs to Choose With Salaries and Duties

Examples of cyber security roles

Discussed below are some cyber security roles you may consider pursuing:

1. Security engineer

National average salary: $5,326 per month

Primary duties: A security software engineer is usually in charge of testing and implementing security-related tools and applications and taking the lead in software design. They create software security solutions such as intrusion detection systems and firewalls to prevent breaches, taps, leaks and other cybercrimes. The common duties of a security engineer typically entail assessing an organisation's security requirements and establishing appropriate criteria, assessing and testing software vulnerabilities, supervising the life cycle development of software systems, communicating with the cybersecurity team regarding programming methods, creating software security prototypes, developing forensic tools, addressing security flaws and breaches and conducting system maintenance.

2. Cyber security manager

National average salary: $6,409 per month

Primary duties: A cyber security manager is an IT manager who specialises in network security systems. Their duties include enforcing security protocols and procedures, detecting system weaknesses and developing plans to combat cybercriminals. They assist firms in preventing security breaches and the loss of crucial or sensitive data. Because there are so many businesses that require cybersecurity managers, they may work in practically any industry, from government agencies to enterprises to charity groups. They also supervise a group of other information technology security specialists that collaborate to construct firewalls, detect security weaknesses, develop proactive solutions and deliver security reports.

Using their expert knowledge in security operations, information assurance and information security, cyber security managers combat Internet criminal activities and safeguard businesses by managing security tasks, programmes and processes. Some common duties of a cyber security manager entail investigating the most recent cybersecurity trends, executing risk management procedures, creating and executing security strategies, performing cost analysis, tackling security flaws and assigning tasks to other members and keeping track of their progress. When a corporation has a data breach, the cyber security manager assesses the situation, assists with the forensic investigation process and communicates with lawyers and law enforcement personnel.

3. Cyber security specialist

National average salary: $6,060 per month

Primary duties: A cyber security specialist is an information security professional who designs, develops and implements highly secure network solutions to guard against cyberattacks and hacking threats. Within businesses and organisations, cyber security specialists may also work as web security engineers and data security engineers. Cyber security specialists are frequently responsible for the creation, evaluation and implementation of security systems and subsystems and collaborate with other technology professionals to alter, replace or introduce computer codes to minimise and mitigate vulnerabilities. These professionals are in charge of penetration testing, technology systems security and network maintenance.

Related: What Is Ethical Hacking? (With Examples and Types of Hacker)

4. Cyber security analyst

National average salary: $6,091 per month

Primary duties: A cyber security analyst is a specialist in information technology whose major responsibility is to safeguard enterprises from cyber assaults and to respond quickly to restore protection if there is damage. These analysts are responsible for duties such as reviewing and assessing possible vulnerabilities in an organisation's digital infrastructure, recording and reporting on any attempted cyber assaults and quickly addressing breaches or attacks by identifying the source of the attack. The majority of cyber security analysts' job is preventative. In that sense, they may provide advice, analysis, assessment or reporting services depending on the company.

Given the enormous quantity of personal and professional activity conducted online, it's vital that businesses have excellent cyber security analysts to safeguard them and assist in the resolution of problems that emerge. These professionals ensure the loss prevention of a company's financial or confidential information, prohibit attackers from accessing secret data and documents and guarantee that operating systems work properly. Organisations are at substantial danger of losing money, resources, information, access to important files and privacy if these security measures are not in place. If not handled swiftly, a cyber assault has the potential to devastate a whole organisation's operations.

Related: How to Become a Cyber Security Analyst (Duties and Skills)

5. Security consultant

National average salary: $6,401 per month

Primary duties: A security consultant is responsible for detecting weaknesses in computer software and hardware systems and network infrastructure. As such, these professionals create strategies and solutions to protect systems from attack. They accomplish this by attempting to hack into customers' systems to find flaws that criminals can use to compromise data and other key assets. Security consultants are essential in ensuring that organisations can run effectively without the worry of cyber-related interruptions.

Clients can hire security analysts to prevent or repair data breaches and safeguard their digital assets, which include consumer data, trade secrets and other valuable information. Some common responsibilities of a security consultant include developing, executing and enhancing security strategies and solutions to safeguard customers' assets from cyber threats, working closely with tech departments to discover and resolve online and offline safety concerns, conducting penetration testing and creating and presenting cybersecurity reports to management and other stakeholders to help them make better decisions. Security consultants can also provide cybersecurity regulatory and legislative advice.

Related: How to Become a Security Consultant (With Career Steps)

Examples of cyber security skills

With the introduction of newer and more complicated technology, it's important for cyber security experts to constantly learn new skills to stay up with potential dangers to persons and enterprises. Several talents are necessary for cyber security employment, including:

Basic technological skills

Basic technical skills involve being well-versed in hardware, software, web-based systems and information technology. More complicated activities, such as constructing a cloud system or developing access software rely on understanding and applying fundamental technological principles such as programming, firewall installation, network setup and operating systems administration. You may also advance your technical expertise by honing your skills to troubleshoot and analyse vulnerabilities.

Related: How To Become a Penetration Tester: Role, Skills and FAQs

Identification and management of risks

Identifying places that may be vulnerable to internal or external manipulation is a significant component of any cyber security role. Once you've identified the flaws and dangers, you may create and outsource suitable countermeasures. Risk management is a continuous process that needs constant monitoring and analysis.

Communication skills

Cyber security professionals describe these functions to those who may not have the same technical expertise when working through difficulties, analysing risks or updating systems. You can communicate complicated material to non-technical workers if you have great written and vocal communication abilities. This is especially crucial when counselling a company on how to strengthen their security measures or teaching employees how to prevent security risks. Actively listening to the queries and concerns that your co-workers or clients may have allows you to express yourself clearly. Your written communication abilities may come in handy while creating technical reports.

Related: 4 Types of Communication

Troubleshooting and logical reasoning

Logical reasoning is essentially a methodical procedure through which people reach a given conclusion. When difficulties emerge in the digital operations of an organisation, the source of the problem is not always clear. To troubleshoot difficulties, it's important for cyber security professionals to feel at ease combining their technical expertise with their thinking abilities.

Implementation and management of cloud

With the advent of technology and more common use of cloud computing, there's less emphasis on the underlying hardware and more emphasis on the overlying software functions. It's important for cyber security professionals to be familiar with cloud computing processes and procedures, such as monitoring access and making sure that the organisation's data storage and sharing are safe inside popular cloud providers. Cyber security professionals may also collaborate with technology teams to develop secure internal cloud solutions for a company.

Assessment and organisation of data

Businesses are gathering massive volumes of data from within and outside their companies as more commerce is done digitally. Cyber security professionals develop systems to collect, organise, analyse and secure this data. Data management abilities entail the skills you employ to efficiently use and organise information by seeking patterns, comprehending database design concepts and engaging in short and long-haul planning about data organisation projects.

Flexibility and adaptability

Technology advances swiftly and new sorts of risks emerge on a regular basis. It's critical for cyber security experts to quickly understand new technologies, easily tweak procedures and systems and quickly adapt to change. Increasing your innovative thinking and flexibility can help you tackle current security concerns and foresee future dangers. Throughout your career, you may employ your creativity and adaptability to maintain your methods current. This is critical as hackers' strategies for targeting organisations get more sophisticated.

Salary figures reflect data listed on Indeed Salaries at the time of writing. Salaries may vary depending on the hiring organisation and a candidate's experience, academic background and location.

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